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Tax Deductions

tax deductions

Tax Write-Offs for Alarm Systems

Any business owner that’s been considering the installation of an alarm system should know they can deduct the cost on their federal tax return. The IRS recognizes a variety of qualifying equipment ranging from fire alarms to security systems if they were purchased or financed during the tax year.

Businesses can deduct the entire purchase price up to a specified limit and fire protection systems can now be written off. Allowable expenses include heat and smoke detection units, sensing devices, audible alarms, sprinkler systems, motion detectors, and door and window locks. Monitoring services may be deductible.

Individuals that work from home can deduct the cost of a security system as a business expense, within limits. The line between home office and business can be a little blurry. It’s best to hire a tax professional that is well-versed in the intricacies of the law. Those that work from home due to the COVID-19 pandemic don’t qualify, as they’re employees not business owners.

To claim a security system installed at a home as a business expense, individuals will need to prove that the home is their principal place of business where they meet with patients or clients. The home must also be the exclusive space where inventory is stored. Daycare facilities and properties for rental use are included.

Individuals will need to establish the allowable area where business is conducted. The IRS allows people to deduct a portion of the security system in relation to the area actually used for business purposes. There are two ways that percentage can be determined, so be sure to calculate both ways for the maximum benefit.

As with all IRS rules, there are exceptions. The business expense can’t equal or exceed the individual’s income. However, business owners operating a business from their home can claim depreciation of the system for the portion that protects the business space.

At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs.  We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!

 

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tax deductions

What Charities are Tax Deductible

Charitable organizations rely on the generosity of sources ranging from grants and bequests to personal donations. However, when it comes to tax time, individuals and businesses will want to be able to deduct those contributions. Child, animal and veteran’s organizations are three of the most popular choices for charitable donations. They range from small, local organizations to those based in the U.S. with global reach.

There are thousands of deserving and qualified organizations to which donations can be made, provided it qualifies under IRS rules as a tax-exempt organization as defined by section 501(c)(3). However, it’s important to know that an organization can have non-profit status, without meeting the 501(c)(3) specifications. That distinction is the difference in whether a contribution can be claimed on income taxes.

A major consideration is if the funds will be used generally or specifically. For instance, people can make a donation to a cemetery and it will be tax deductible if the money will be used for general upkeep and maintenance for the entire cemetery rather than a specific gravesite or mausoleum. If the individual received something in return for their donation, such as tickets, merchandise, or a dinner, it won’t be fully deductible.

Contributions to organizations such as the Red Cross and Salvation Army are tax deductible, but not when designated for a specific individual or family. Donations are tax deductible for museums, non-profit educational agencies, and for some religious organizations. Donations to volunteer fire departments and organizations that maintain public parks are also tax deductible, as are private foundations. Many animal shelters and organizations hold 501(c)(3) status.

Use Caution

Holidays and natural disasters are always prime opportunities for scammers to seek donations. There are numerous legitimate organizations that accept monetary contributions. It’s up to each individual or business to ascertain if the organization meets 501(c)(3) qualifications if they want to claim their contribution on their taxes.

It’s also a good idea to ask how much of the contribution will actually go toward the organization for the maximum good. Many people are surprised to learn that a scant 10 percent actually goes toward the organization. The IRS has an exempt organizations tool to help individuals and businesses identify qualifying organizations.

At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs.  We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!

 

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tax credits and tax deductions

Can You Use Tax Credits and Tax Deductions?

You can definitely use tax credits and tax deductions to lower the amount of federal income tax you pay. Tax credits directly reduce your tax. Deductions reduce the amount of your taxable income, the taxes you pay and may increase the amount of your refund if you have one coming. However, taking some deductions and credits will depend on which tax bracket you fall within and your personal situation.

Tax Credits and Tax Deductions

Federal income taxes can be complex, even for low-income filers. The Advance Child Tax Credit payments that began in the summer of 2021 is an example. You may have been receiving them, but the amount is half of what the total would be. You can claim the other half when you file your federal income tax return. Corona Virus Impact payments and stimulus payments will also have to be considered.

Tax Credits

There are credits for Earned Income, dependent care, adoption, and the elderly or disabled. There’s a foreign tax credit, those for undistributed capital gains, excess Social Security and RRTA withholdings and retirement savings contributions. You may have a credit if you’re a homeowner or have costs from healthcare and education. Some have limits on the amount that can be claimed.

Deductions

Work deductions are one of the most common types of deductions, enabling you to deduct expenses such as union dues and uniforms, or the use of your car and a portion of your home space if you’re working from home. If you’re part of the gig economy or use an employment app for per-day jobs, you can still take those deductions.

If you use those apps or are part of the gig economy, you should be aware that you’ll be classified as self-employed by the federal government and that means you’ll be paying higher taxes. You’ll be liable for self-employment taxes, Social Security and Medicare taxes. The good news is that you can typically claim your earnings on your regular income tax form under “Other Income.”

Tax Preparation

There are a number of good online tax preparation software programs for those that have fairly straightforward tax forms. If your taxes are more complicated, you should definitely seek the services of a professional tax preparer or CPA.

At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs.  We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!

 

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medical expenses

Deducting Medical Expenses

Everyone wants to lower their tax burden by getting every possible deduction to which they’re entitled and medical expenses is one way to accomplish that. However, individuals must itemize to claim the deduction and much will depend on an individual’s income. Claiming medical expense deductions is beneficial if the amount of the deductions exceeds the standard deduction on income taxes.

What can be Deducted?

The IRS enables taxpayers to deduct unreimbursed medical, dental, vision, and mental health expenses for themselves, a spouse and dependents, up to 7.5 percent of their adjusted gross income. Those expenses can include diagnostics, mitigation, treatment and cures, along with preventative measures. Individuals can also deduct travel expenses.

The COVID-19 pandemic has left many individuals with astronomical medical bills. Some private insurance companies have pledged to cover all COVID-19 expenses, while others have not. Taxpayers that rely on Medicaid and Medicare for medical care may have co-pays and spend-downs that they can claim.

There are a great many expenses that taxpayers can deduct if they’re itemizing deductions, up to 7.5 percent of their adjusted gross income. They include fees to a wide range of medical and mental health professionals, including surgeons, dentists, chiropractors, psychiatrists and psychologists, and non-traditional medical practitioners.

Wide Range of Deductions

Other expenses include oral and injectable prescription medications, weight loss programs prescribed by a doctor, and in-patient costs for drug, alcohol and nicotine addiction. Nursing home costs, insurance premiums, and medical aids such as crutches, wheelchairs, dentures and even service dogs are all allowable expenses.

The range of medical-related expenses that can be deducted is extensive, but there are also restrictions on what can be claimed. For taxpayers with substantial costs, it can be beneficial to claim those deductions. The best solution for those intending to claim medical expense deductions is engaging the services of a tax professional or certified public accountant (CPA) that has the experience, knowledge and resources to help them get every deduction to which they’re qualified.

At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs.  We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!

 

Contact Us Today

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