People can lower their federal and state tax obligation through credits and deductions. Credits typically produce a more favorable result, as they lower the taxes owed. However, in combination with deductions, they provide a way to reduce your taxable income and reduce your total tax bill.
There are a number of tax credits available to individuals that reduce overall income and can put you in a different tax bracket, meaning your income is taxed at a lower rate They include the earned income credit, child tax credit, child and dependent care credit, and American Opportunity tax credit. These and others reduce the amount you owe the federal government and work to lower your income.
Income set aside for retirement purposes and company-sponsored 401(k) accounts can lower your taxable income. They include traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, and 401(k) plans.
Health Savings Account
People contributing to an HSA for health care expenses can use those funds to lower their taxable income, as they’re made with pre-tax income.
As an educational savings plan, earnings and distributions aren’t subject to taxes – providing the funds are used for qualified educational costs. They’re not deductible on federal taxes, but can lower the state tax burden. Be aware that rules vary by state. Pre-paid tuition plans are another option for qualified institutions.
Those who volunteer at a qualified non-profit organization can deduct travel expenses associated with volunteering. Cash and non-cash contributions can also be deducted – be sure to keep a receipt. Claiming a charitable contribution will lower income and tax burden, but itemization of deductions is required and there are limits on how much can be deducted.
Depreciation and Business Expenses
For those that operate a home business or farm, for example, a portion of equipment or machinery can be deducted as depreciation. A percentage of a home used exclusively for conducting business can also be deducted.
At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs. We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today (843) 347-0849 and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!