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What is a Corporation?

The terms business, company and corporation are often used interchangeably by the general public. However, there are some significant differences and definite benefits.

Most Important Benefit

Corporations enjoy a variety of benefits and perks. The greatest benefit of all is limited liability. It means that stockholders can reap the benefits of profits through dividends and stocks, but they can’t be held personally liable for the company’s debts or a product problem. The only real risk to stockholders is losing the money they invested in the corporation.

What it Is

A corporation is a legal entity that’s often referred to as a “legal person.” It’s completely distinct and separate from the founders or owners. The Supreme Court ruled in 1886 that corporations were entitled to many of the same rights and responsibilities as an individual under the Fourteenth Amendment. Corporations can:

  • Pay taxes
  • Sue and be sued
  • Own assets
  • Enter into contracts
  • Loan and borrow money
  • Hire employees

Anyone Can Form One

Individuals or a group of people with a shared goal can form a corporation. To be recognized as a legal entity, it must be incorporated. Most corporations are for the purpose of making a profit, but there are also profit and non-profit organizations, along with charities that operate as legal corporations.

A corporation can conduct business under its own name, but it can also conduct business under a completely different name or have subsidiaries with other names that are owned by the parent company.

The Definition Varies

Corporations are created under the laws of the state in which they’re formed, but the exact definition of a corporation can vary among jurisdictions. The founders must file articles of incorporation and issue stock. Stockholders must also elect a board of directors during an annual meeting. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and federal law regulate public corporations.

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Why You Need a Certified CPA for Tax Season

The most important reason you need a certified CPA is that they can save you money. Tax
preparers typically undergo a basic course before embarking on tax preparation services. A
certified CPA has years of specialized education and experience to draw upon. There are many
levels and specialties in the realm of CPAs and its important to find the right professional for
the task.

More Money
A certified CPA utilizes specialized, sophisticated software and is cognizant of the changing tax
laws. They’re knowledgeable in credits, deductions, extensions, and amendments of which the
average individual wouldn’t be aware. They can even amend returns from previous years. The
experts are able to identify errors that could result in higher taxes or an audit and maximize

IRS Representation
Everyone fears an IRS audit and it’s difficult to justify a tax return when you’re in a panic. A
certified CPA has the authority to represent you in an audit. The professionals deal in facts,
figures, and speak the same financial language as the IRS.

They can also aid in lowering the financial cost of an audit and negotiate on your behalf if the
findings go against you. Just remember that even if the return is completed by the CPA, you’re
still responsible for the information that it contains.

Confidentiality & Documentation
Home filing systems can be haphazard, incomplete, and completely unsuitable if they pertain to
a business endeavor. A certified CPA retains your records and treats them with the utmost

Future Planning
A certified CPA is a licensed professional qualified to prepare your taxes, plan for future tax
returns, retirement, investments, and business success.

Peace of Mind
Tax returns are complex and complicated. The peace of mind that comes with a certified CPA is
worth the extra cost. Consumer software and even online preparation sites are essentially a
one-size-fits-all solution for “easy” tax returns. They don’t provide the same level of experience
and expertise that’s provided by a certified CPA.


At Peavy and Associates PC our mission is to assist you with all your tax preparations, payroll and accounting needs.  We provide our clients with professional, personalized accounting services and guidance in a wide range of financial and business needs. Give us a call today (843) 347-0849 and discover why our clients return to Peavy and Associates, PC year after year!

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