One of the many deductions possible on your federal income taxes is mileage driven for work-related endeavors if you use your own vehicle. Those deductions can be taken if you’re self-employed. It’s also possible to deduct mileage if your employer requires you to travel using your own vehicle – providing the employer doesn’t reimburse you for mileage.
There are two ways to calculate the mileage. The first is based on the business-related percentage of the total miles driven. The second method is by multiplying the miles you drive for work by the IRS’s standard mileage rate. The rate changes each year. In 2022, the IRS increased the mileage rate to 62.5 cents per mile due to soaring gas prices.
There are a great number of jobs in which an employer expects the employee to use their own vehicle as part of the job. They include delivery drivers, salespeople, couriers, service techs, reporters, on-demand shoppers, and ride-shares. You can also claim mileage for medical-related reasons and charitable driving.
A key component for claiming mileage is keeping a detailed record of the date, miles driven with the beginning and ending mileage stated, and the reason. There are apps that will do this. The IRS may demand to see a logbook of the miles traveled to determine if you’re eligible for the deduction. While it’s unusual for the IRS to do so, they have the option of doing so.
If an employer requires you to use your personal vehicle for work, but doesn’t reimburse you for mileage, you can claim the mileage by the actual number of miles or the IRS’s standard mileage rate. It’s a lot more complicated if you have an employer that reimburses you for mileage. You’ll first have to know if the company’s reimbursement policy is an accountable plan.
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